Your email is very easy to find . There are several ways to check if an email is a phishing scam. CheckPhish will scan the email or domain to check for a knowned phishing scam address. Phish Check is another one. You can report these maliscious scams and have them blocked .
Look, Don't Click
Verify the sender address, look for spelling mistakes, ask who would send this to me?
Links Could Be Malicious Code
Clicking on links from random emails can take you to a malicious site
Check The Sender Address
Hover over the email sender and see if it matches the website they say they are from. Do a google search for the email.
Check The Domain Name
Misleading domain names that look like apple.fakewebsite.com are meant to fool you. If the domain name looks suspicious, it probably is.
Spelling mistakes in the email is a dead give away.
Vague greetings are common phishing openers, most brands will use your name!
No Contact Details
Lack of contact information at the end of the email, most legit businesses want their contact information visible
I'm From The Government
Appears to be from the government. Most government agencies require official paperwork. Call the agency to verify the matter at hand.
Asking for money is a dead give away. Heartwarming stories still fool people.